Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 connects the supply chain and the ERP system directly to the production line to form an integrated and automated. The digital manufacturing process that makes a strategic focus on value-adding activity through digital transformation.

The Industry Revolution

Technological advancement is moving forward at a rapid pace. Before understanding the Industry 4.0, it’s important to understand the evolution of the Industrial Revolution. Industry 4.0. it’s beneficial to first understand how exactly manufacturing has evolved since the 1800s. There are four distinct industrial revolutions that the world either has experienced or continues to experience today.

First Industrial Revolution(1.0):

The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production. The industrial revolution happened between the late 1700s and early 1800s.

The Second Industrial Revolution(2.0):

The Second used electric power to create mass production. The second one dates between 1870 to 1914. Industrial revolution with massive technological advancements in the field of industries that helped the energy, electricity, gas, and oil in factories.

The Third Industrial Revolution(3.0):

Now point to the third industrial revolution dates between 1950 and 1970. The third revolution brought forth the rise of electronics, telecommunications, and of course computers. The third industrial revolution opened the doors to space expeditions, research, and biotechnology.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0:

Currently implementing the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Fourth Industrial Revolution drive largely by the convergence of digital, biological, and physical innovations. It takes the automation of manufacturing processes to a new level by introducing customized and flexible mass production technologies.

4.0 refers to a new phase in the Industrial Revolution. Focuses heavily on inter connectivity, automation, machine learning and real-time data. Industry 4.0 also sometimes referred to as IoT or smart manufacturing, marries physical production and operations with smart digital technology, machine learning, and focus on manufacturing and supply chain management.

Industry is changing a lot these days. New concepts and systems pop-up continuously, and due to companies need to implement the best technology. A lot of things will change in a relatively short span of time.

The Industry 4.0 to realize well beyond concepts like the industrial internet and become more digitized. Its implications for Manufacturing is profoundly through the integration of digital platforms. Companies can optimize their use of technology to drive innovation, productivity and overall competitiveness.

Industry 4.0 comprehends the development and integration of information and communication technologies into business processes. The broad vision of Industry 4.0 requires frameworks and architectures for connecting physical assets and digital technologies in a cyber-physical system.

It digitization is about companies orienting themselves to the customer through digital marketing, e-Commerce, social media, and the customer experience. Eventually, virtually every aspect of business will transform through the vertical integration of research & development, manufacturing, sales  & marketing, and other internal operations, and business models based on these advances. In effect, we are evolving towards a complete digital ecosystem.

The supply chain now a days is a series of largely discrete steps taken through marketing, product development, manufacturing, and distribution, and finally into the hands of the user.

Breakthroughs in information technology such as IoT, AI, big data and analytics, machine learning, automation and robotics, cloud computing, blockchain, 3D printing, etc have led to the growing use of digital technologies across the businesses around the world.

The digitization of the supply chain enables companies to address the new requirements of the customers. The challenges on the supply side as well as the remaining expectations in efficiency improvement.

The biggest impact of the “Industry 4.0” technologies and concepts to expect from a technological view especially for the procurement, production and distribution activities in the supply chain. The organisation of logistics from a technological view will mainly change due to the implementation of BI-technologies, Smartphone Apps, IoT and RFID technologies and the miniaturization of electronics. However, structural changes to the organisation to expect mainly in manufacturing processes.

Here’s a look at the ways Industry 4.0 is the impact of implementation on supply chains.

Smart factories – Industry 4.0 solutions give businesses greater insight, control, and data visibility across their entire supply chain. Automated and flexible manufacturing processes that integrate the ability to predict. When potential problems are going to arise before they actually happen with customers and business partners in support of product life-cycle changes – will impact current factory layouts.

The Internet of Services – The Internet of services platform centralize control system that communicates and interacts with different equipment and systems. Supply chain management is a multi-faceted field. Throughout the delivery, dozens of operations unfold simultaneously and it’s crucial for managers to streamline them. The Internet of Service is the technology that helps build big-picture views and create complex yet functional frameworks for supply chain management.

Industrial Internet of servoce is a subset of the Internet of Things, where various sensors, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, software and electronics are integrated with industrial machines and systems to collect real-time data about their condition and performance.

Big Data

The Big Data are rather distinct from traditional and digital sources inside and outside organization. That represents a source for ongoing discovery and analysis. The big challenge is that the industry is still in process of developing the methods to best interpret data. Data receiving, archiving, analysing and sharing data and information, enabling more concrete decision making based on real information and properly organized and treated able to make better, smarter decisions. However, with the continuous advancement required to shape industry 4.0 movements and more advanced. Big Data software frameworks that can handle extensively huge amounts of data expect to emerge.

The advance data analysis can turn into actionable insights through early warning algorithms, predictive models, decision support, workflows and dashboards. In fact, the data have become the most valuable asset of an organization today. The data analytics is the essence to a success of enterprises and their businesses.

Focus on the knowledge worker – Knowledge workers can group into various categories, based on the amount of time spent on individual tasks or on the type of information or skills possessed.

The rise of smart machines will not see the demise of the knowledge worker – rather, this increasing complexity demands supply chain professionals expand their problem solving and systems engineering skills.

Augmented Reality- Augmented reality is a relatively new concept but it has already become an integral part of Industry 4.0. With it, you are able to create a false sensation and put a person into a different place. A variety of services, such as designing a layout in a warehouse or production line and communicating repair instructions through mobile or other remote-control devices, can achieve using augmented-reality-based systems. These systems are currently in their early stages. However, in the future, organizations will make a much broader break through in augmented reality to improve their business procedures and decision-making process.

One way we use augmented reality in our modern manufacturing processes is through remote assistance. Imagine having expert guidance at your fingertips every time you needed. It in starting a new process or issuing a repair. An operator faced with fixing a machine on the line can connect with experts across the globe using augmented reality, displaying his field of vision for them to view and guide appropriately.


Autonomous production more precisely and can work alongside humans or even in human-restricted places. The robots are now more affordable and available to organizations. Robots perform in a timely, focusing on safety, flexibility, versatility, and collaboratively.  Robots help to move goods around warehouses and also reduce costs and allow better use of floor space. The development of robots has been continuously advancing to meet the need of industry 4.0.

Evolving Customer Expectations: Customer demands are constantly evolving because improvements in service reset their expectations at new levels. They expect well-priced products, knowledgeable, tailored customer service, and an easy and beneficial relationship with a brand. They assume that transactions will mirror the ease and intuition of modern technology and social media, and those brands will deliver and delight.


Blockchain and its value in Industry 4.0 are yet to be fully defined. After analysing the results of different proofs of concept and the benefits provided. We could say that blockchain can bring a number of differential features to Industry 4.0.

Most industries are transforming digitally, the transformation is even more visible and disruptive in manufacturing along with operating process. Industry 4.0, the manufacturing industry is going through deep changes, expanding virtual data and processes. Industry that has fundamentally been about dealing with physical products.

The number of emerging and evolving technologies with endless possibilities, and block chain. Both large and small companies can benefit from deploying blockchain to their systems. The competitive landscape is constantly shifting when one of your competitors adopts a 4.0 enhancement. In order to not get left behind. It’s time to embrace the new capabilities brought along by the digital technologies that expertise into a profitable business model.

Although there are many unknown variables and still quite a lot of challenges to overcome, which makes it really hard to assess whether or not your company can pull it off, investigating the possibilities of Industry 4.0 is an absolute must.

Ultimately, the Industry 4.0 is set to take root across the manufacturing ecosystem. But only by understanding and harnessing the technologies driving Industry 4.0, will manufacturers stay on the cutting edge of this new digital era.

Exceptionally complex and no company has yet succeeded in building a supply chain that’s truly most enterprise processes must become more digitized. The supply chain today is a series of largely discrete, siloed steps taken through marketing, product development, manufacturing, and distribution, and finally into the hands of the customer. Indeed, many of the applications & trends required for moving towards a digital ecosystem are not yet widely used. But this will change radically over the next few years, with different industries.

In accordance with the promoted goals. Industry 4.0 can create an enormous added value, especially for industrial companies and not least for our global economy and society. Accompanied by the generation of enormous data streams that can evaluate and use for resource-efficient and high-quality production. Eventually, it will affect our well-known world of manufacturing and selling products and finally our whole lives.

Industry 5.0 is already being spoken about and involves robots and smart machines allowing humans to work better and smarter. By connecting the way in which man and machine work together, estimates say that Industry 5.0 will mean that over 60% of manufacturing, logistics and supply chains, agri-farming, and the mining and oil and gas sectors will employ chief robotics officers by 2025 to 2030.